UNIDO - GCLME

Job #3625

Job Posting Details

Job # 3625 UNIDO - GCLME

Posted Date
May 22, 2007 @ 16:21
Respond By
May 29, 2007
Word Count
619
Budget
$250
Language
English
Gender
Female
Age Range
-
Category
Business

Job Description

Seeking a female voice for narration of a short documentary. It will be screened privately, mainly in the scientific community.

South African or British accents only, please!

Thank you,
Eugene
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As we move deeper into the 21st century, a new imperative is emerging that calls for a radical shift in thinking about how marine ecosystems are to be managed. Coastal ecosystems throughout the world are under serious threat from the over population of coastal areas, from water and land based pollution and the destruction of coastal habitats, from the over exploitation of marine resources through unsustainable fishing practices, and the serious consequences of global warming. The continued destruction is significantly affecting the socio-economic prospects of those living in the world's coastal regions.

In the mid-1980s, Dr. Kenneth Sherman of NOAA’s National Marine Fisheries Service and Dr. Lewis Alexander of the University of Rhode Island pioneered the concept of large marine ecosystems (the LME). Sherman, Alexander, and several others recognized that large areas of the oceans function as ecosystems, and that pollution from air, land, and water, and overexploitation of living resources, along with natural factors, influenced the varying productivity of these ecosystems. The LME approach requires a paradigm shift in resource and management from a small spatial scale to a larger one, and from short-term to a long-term perspective.

In 1996, six countries bordering the Guinea Current LME (Ivory Coast, Ghana, Togo, Benin, Nigeria, and Cameroon) initiated the Gulf of Guinea Large Marine Ecosystem Project (GOGLME). This LME is subject t o stress from oceanographic change, overexploitation of marine resources, increased population pressure on the coastal areas, pollution from land and sea based activites, and global warming.

In a context of fast population growth in the region, the Project aimed to increase fishing harvests to meet human nutritional needs, to earn foreign exchange, to control the encroachment of coastal erosion, and to restore mangroves.

In 1998, the environmental ministers of the six countries signed the Accra Declaration. The program put forward the first African plan, ever, to improve the well-being of coastal communities, and to address issues of food security and socio-cultural life within an ecosystem-based approach.

Adding further danger to the fishing stocks and the overall health of the Gulf of Guinea has been the growth of the petroleum industry. A light, easily refinable petroleum source, called Bonny Light, was discovered in the Niger Delta in 1956. The quick ascension of petroleum in some West African economies has produced both new riches and new hardships. Spills from pipelines have poisoned delta wetlands. Accidents have wrought environmental hardship to its beaches. Along with petroleum, the gas and mining industries, particularly phosphate mining have put this fragile ecosystem into further disrepair.

The success of the pilot phase led to the development of the Guinea Current Large Marine Ecosystem Project (GCLME) This brought ten neighboring countries (Guinea-Bissau, Guinea, Sierra Leone, Liberia, Sao Tome & Principe, Equatorial Guinea, Gabon, Congo-Brazzaville, Congo-Kinshasa, and Angola) into partnership activities for sustainable development of the GCLME. This addition to the original six countries of the Gulf of Guinea Project now meant that all countries bordering the Guinea Current LME were working together.

The world's coastal regions are in crisis, but there is still time to save them. On the west coast of Africa, international cooperation has brought forth unprecedented change. Through the diplomatic efforts of the GCLME, scientists and politicians are working side by side to save the coastal ecosystem of the Guinea Current. Their efforts are setting forth a unique example for the world to follow. They have demonstrated that sustainability and economics are mutually beneficial and with political muscle and will, sound environmental practice can become an international reality.

To learn more about the Guinea Current Large Marine Ecosystem Project, log onto our web site at www.gclme.org or visit the web site of the United Nations Industrial Development Organization, UNIDO, at www.unidio.org.

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