Beef Cattle Management Practices

Job #3786

Job Posting Details

Job # 3786 Beef Cattle Management Practices

Posted Date
Jun 5, 2007 @ 19:30
Respond By
Jun 8, 2007
Word Count
629
Budget
$100
Language
English (North American)
Gender
Both
Age Range
-
Category
Educational

Job Description

This VO is required for a multimedia learning course, sold online. Thank you for your demos.

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Beef Cattle Management Practices

Since the first years in our country’s development, cattle production and beef has been a mainstay in American culture. Beef cattle have supplied protein and nourishment to past and present generations of Americans. Today, beef is the second largest consumed meat in the United States, second only to chicken. In fact, Americans consume an average of 67 pounds of beef each year. This is the product of the nearly 36 million head of beef cattle harvested each year, producing around 27 billion pounds of beef.

Beef cattle producers in the United States contribute to the 95 million head of cattle that are raised within our borders. Beef cattle operations are a major part of our local, state, and national economies, and most use intense management strategies to maximize production. This program is designed to introduce and teach the everyday management practices required for beef cattle production, as well the technology and techniques that increase the productivity and profitability of these operations.

Production Systems

There are more than 800,000 ranchers and cattlemen in the United States, producing beef cattle in all 50 states. These range from the family herd of 10, to ranches that run thousands of head of cattle. Nonetheless, the advancement of all beef cattle operations relies solely upon proper management. The main goal of all livestock managers is to maximize the output of the herd, whether it is production of the cows, or the gain and performance of the calves. There are many segments to the beef cattle industry, and each work together in a sense to deliver the final product beef. Beef is a consumer driven market, meaning the wants and needs of the consumer cause the entire industry to strive to meet those desires.

Feedlots are a segment of the beef cattle industry whose sole purpose is to feed and fatten cattle. These cattle are purchased from cow/calf producers and stocker operations, placed in pens and fed and fattened with grain-based diets. Since the calves spend very little energy acquiring the high quality feed in a feedlot, they are capable of efficiently gaining weight. The grain-based feed allows them to fatten and be market ready at a young age. Once the cattle have reached a target weight or fat level, they are sold to the packer.

Nutrition and Health

Cattle are ruminants, which mean that they have a four compartment stomach, one of which is the rumen. The rumen contains multitudes of microbes and organisms which allow cattle to convert grasses and other forages into protein and tissue gain. Cattle which are fed a grain based or forage diet, need some form of roughage to feed and activate these microbes in the rumen which break down foods.

Diseases

Several infectious diseases affect reproduction in beef cattle. Common cow-calf reproductive diseases which cause abortions or depressed fertility are brucellosis, trichomoniasis, leptospirosis, vibriosis, infectious bovine rhinotracheitis or IBR, and bovine viral diarrhea. Brucellosis can be prevented by vaccinating all replacement heifers before 12 months of age. To prevent IBR and bovine viral diarrhea vaccinate all calves at 6 to 8 months of age and again 30 to 60 days before breeding. The prevention of trichomoniasis, leptospirosis, and vibrosis is prevented by an annual vaccination 30 to 60 days before breeding.


Vaccinations

Calves should be vaccinated against bacterial diseases known as clostridial diseases at 2 to 4 months of age, first, and then receive a booster shot at weaning. These diseases include blackleg, tetanus, botulism, malignant edema, enterotoxemia, Black disease and red water disease. When the calves are 6 to 8 months of age, they should be vaccinated for pathogens in the bovine respiratory disease complex. This includes four types of viruses, IBR, PI-3, BVD, and BRSV, and one type of bacteria, Pasteurella spp.

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About Us:

CEV Multimedia, Ltd., founded by educator Gordon W. Davis, Ph.D., is on the forefront of innovative multimedia educational materials. CEV specializes in providing quality multimedia courses and supplemental educational materials in seven major subject areas: Agricultural Science & Technology, Family & Consumer Sciences, Trade & Industry, Business & Marketing, Career Orientation and Biology.

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