Phonics Lesson

Job #983

Job Posting Details

Job # 983 Phonics Lesson

Posted Date
Jan 18, 2006 @ 01:21
Respond By
Jan 20, 2006
Word Count
0
Budget
$100
Language
English
Gender
Female
Age Range
-
Category
-

Job Description

I need a female (teacher voice - soothing) for my online tutoring website. http://www.bettertester.com. I have included a 1500 words(approx) script below for a bid. Dry voice only, no music. I need the samples as mp3 or wav, smallest file possible. If you can deliver via email or prefer cd, either is OK. I have a lot of lessons to voice over, about 100 the size of the following, however, most are not nearly as long. Audience is 2nd through 5th grade.

Script Lesson

1. In order to learn to read, sometimes you need to decode words. Decoding words means you look for familiar sounds and put them together to make words. We call decoding words "phonics". There are many rules and below is a list of the things you will need to know to help you decode words.

2. The concepts you will learn about are Letter Patterns, Word Structure
Spelling Patterns, Prefixes, Suffixes

3. First lets look at some letter patterns that have sounds that are different than what the letters show. Click on the speaker to hear an explanation of each letter pattern.

4. Look at the letter patterns in the box. The first letter pattern “k” “n” and in know has a silent k. The second letter pattern “w” “r”. And the third letter pattern “g” “n” as in gnat has a silent g. Some times words will have silent letters. You will need to know some of these words by heart in order to read well.

5. Now let's look at some other letter patterns that have sounds that are different than what the letters show. Click on the speaker to hear an explanation of each letter pattern.

6. The letters I G H T as in the word light sounds the same as the word lite L I T E however the g and h are silent. The letters A I G H T as in the word straight has a silent I G H and T. The letters O U G H as in the word dough which sounds like "doe" D O E with a long o sound and silent U G H. But this letter pattern can also have a very different sound as in the word "cough". In this word the letters O U sound like "awe" and the letters G H sound like "f".

7. Before we continue to talk about Spelling Patterns, you need to know the difference between a vowel and a consonant. You must memorize this list because if you don't, none of the rest of this lesson will make sense to you.

8. The easiest way to tell the difference is to memorize all the vowels. It is a short list, so remembering it is easy. Once you have memorized all the vowels, you then know that the rest of the letters in the alphabet are called consonants. Below is a list of the vowels.

9. The reason the letter "y" is sometimes a vowel is because of the sound it makes. For instance, if a "y" makes a sound like a long e sound or a long i sound, it is considered to be a vowel.

10. Let's try a quick check to see if you can find the vowels. Look at the letters below and click on the letter that is the vowel.

11. Let's do another. Look at the letters below and click on the letter that is the vowel.

12. Let's do one more, but this time find the consonant. Look at the letters below and click on the letter that is the consonant.

13. Now that you are a vowel expert, let's look at letter patterns that will help us decode words. Perhaps the most difficult way to decode words is to look for vowel and consonant patterns. We will spend a lot of time to try and teach you some basic rules that you will need to remember in order to help you read words. You may want to review this part of the lesson more than once.

14. One spelling pattern is the "CVC" pattern. This pattern will make the vowel have a short sound like the words fat, fit, get.

15. Now here is a handy thing to remember about "consonant-vowel-consonant" sounds. It doesn't matter how many consonants are before the vowel or after the vowel, it will always be a short vowel sound.

16. For instance, the "consonant – consonant – vowel - consonant" pattern below is always short, even though there are two consonants at the beginning of the word. Look at the samples: flat, bret, step.

17. And, if there are more consonants at the end, the vowel sound is still short. So if the pattern is "consonant vowel consonant consonant" or any number of consonants before or after the vowel, it will be short. Here are some samples that have more than one consonant either before or after the vowel and they all have short vowel sounds.

18. So now that we know the rules that tell us when a vowel has a short sound, lets look a few rules that help us know when a vowel has the long sound. Remember that when it has a long sound it means that the vowel "says its name".

19. If you see a vowel, consonant, and silent e, it is going to have a long vowel sound. The pattern to look for is "vowel consonant E" like the words hike, bake and fate.

20. Another way to find out if a vowel is long is to divide the word into syllables. Here is the rule- When a syllable ends in any vowel and is the only vowel, that vowel is usually long. For example if you divide the word paper into syllables you get pa / per. Since the first syllable ends in a vowel, and it is the only vowel, it has the long a sound.

21. Here are some more words that follow the syllable rule of - When a syllable ends in any vowel and is the only vowel, that vowel is usually long.
22. Here is another rule about long vowel sounds.

23. If you see two vowels together, the word usually has the long vowel sound of the first vowel. For instance, the word "beat" has the two vowels e and a together and the first vowel, e, is the letter that gives the word the long vowel sound. Look at some more samples.

24. But wouldn't you know it, the double vowel sound doesn't always mean it has a long vowel sound. There are some special combinations of vowels that don't have the long vowel sound, we call them (dif thongs) diphthongs. The diphthongs are "o i,o y, o u, o w, a u , a w, and o o" . These vowel combinations make their own sound.

25. Look at some of the examples of the diphthongs and the sound they make. Poison, toy, ouch, cow, taught, saw, foot, boot.

26. The last rule we will talk about when it comes to letter patterns is called the "r" controlled sound. When a vowel is followed by an "r" in the same syllable, that vowel is "r-controlled". It is not long or short.

27. Here are some examples of "r" controlled vowels that make their own sound. Term, sir, fir, fur, far, for, sugar, order.

28. That takes care of some of the major rules of Spelling and Letter patterns, but as you might guess, our English language doesn't always follow the rules. If you can remember these rules, however, you can learn to decode words. Let's talk a little bit about another way to decode words by looking for word parts and compound words.

29. Compound words are words that have two different words in them that make a new word. For instance, if you put the word dog and house together, you get doghouse. Look at these examples.

30. When we talk about word parts we are talking about root words, prefixes, and suffixes. Prefixes come at the front of a root word and suffixes come at the end of the root word.

31. Prefixes are word parts that change the meaning of a root word. For instance if you start with the root word "believable" and you add the prefix "un" you get a new word "unbelievable" that means something completely different than the root word.

32. Now let's look at suffixes. Suffixes are word parts that change the meaning of a root word. For instance if you start with the root word "joy" and you add the suffix "ful" you get a new word "joyful" that means something completely different than the root word.

33. Well there you have it. A lot of rules and we didn't cover all of them or the words that don't follow the rules. Decoding words takes a lot of practice, which means you need to read a lot to be good at it. Look at the things we covered below. If you think you need to review that idea again, just click on it and you will go back to that part of the lesson.

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