Russian museum audioguide

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Voice of numerous English language versions of Russian museum audioguides

Vocal Characteristics



Voice Age

Middle Aged (35-54)


British (General)


Note: Transcripts are generated using speech recognition software and may contain errors.
The last stored in the museum's collection is a hand carved wooden replica of the foot with a round hole through it. The item is in good condition, but there is mechanical damage, with traces of darkening and dense on wood, a shoe or boot. Last is a device resembling a human foot, forgiving shoes the necessary shape in the production process. It's the last that determines the appearance and comfort of shoes, even in ancient times. Last we used for the production of shoes. Master Tanner's, the so called Bush Mari of the ancient Roose sewed leather shoes on wooden lasts. At the same time, shoes on the right and left feet were often cut the same way. It is such soft shoes, as well as bast shoes that the old advice implies to get rid of the goblin in the forest, put on shoes from the right foot to the left and from the left foot to the right. The most common footwear of the Russian people were bast shoes, which appeared in ancient times not only for the peasants but also for most of the poor townspeople. Bast shoes with the only available footwear on leather boots were a pipe dream. They were bast shoes, using the last before starting to weave bast shoes. The blast was soaked, peeled from the bark and cut into ribbons. Then they took five or six ribbons, formed a string and started weaving on a special wooden block using a regular hook. For a long time, the pads were made entirely by hand. In 18 15, Thomas Blanchard invented a copying lay, the processing irregular objects. At first, the machine was used for the production of gun barrels, and then it began to use for the manufacture of lasts. Last seen made of wood, plastic and metal at the beginning of the 21st century, manufacturers of last prefer plastic, usually polyethylene. Despite the fact that this material is heavier than wood and more expensive than other alternative materials, it is easier to process on machines.